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Dr Federico Carpi

Reader in Biomedical Engineering and Biomaterials

Department School of Engineering and Materials Science
 Engineering 317, Mile End
Telephone +44 (0)20 7882 6087
Email f.carpi@qmul.ac.uk
Homepage http://www.sems.qmul.ac.uk/f.carpi

Research Keywords

actuator, artificial muscle, elastomer, electroactive polymer, soft smart material

Research Interests

Dr Carpi is the head of

SMART – Soft Matter ARtificial muscles & Transducers Research Group

www.smart.sems.qmul.ac.uk

The main research focus of the group is on biomedical & bioinspired mechatronic devices made of smart materials. The group moves from the experience that Dr Carpi has matured in twelve years of research activity at the University of Pisa, Italy.

The activities of the group are oriented to the development of innovative devices based on electromechanically active polymer transducers (EAPs) and, in particular, dielectric elastomer (DE) transducers. DE actuators exhibit a mechanical response to an electrical stimulus, while offering, at the same time, light weight, mechanical compliance, compact size, simple structure, low power consumption, acoustically silent operation, and low cost. Because of their ability to exhibit significant actuation upon electrical stimulation and emulate the main functional properties of natural muscles, DEs are referred to as ‘smart materials’ as well as ‘artificial muscle materials’.

2016

Cei D, Costa J, Gori G, Frediani G, Domenici C, Carpi F and Ahluwalia A (2016). A bioreactor with an electro-responsive elastomeric membrane for mimicking intestinal peristalsis. Bioinspir Biomim  vol. 12, (1) 10.1088/1748-3190/12/1/016001

Pieroni M, Lagomarsini C, De Rossi D and Carpi F (2016). Electrically tunable soft solid lens inspired by reptile and bird accommodation. Bioinspir Biomim  vol. 11, (6) 10.1088/1748-3190/11/6/065003

2015

Chen B, Kollosche M, Stewart M, Busfield J and Carpi F (2015). Electrical breakdown of an acrylic dielectric elastomer: Effects of hemispherical probing electrodes size and force. International Journal of Smart and Nano Materials  vol. 6, (4) 290-303. 10.1080/19475411.2015.1130974

Carpi F, Anderson I, Bauer S, Frediani G, Gallone G, Gei M, Graaf C, Jean-Mistral C, Kaal W, Kofod G, Kollosche M, Kornbluh R, Lassen B, Matysek M, Michel S, Nowak S, O'Brien B, Pei Q, Pelrine R and Rechenbach B (2015). Standards for dielectric elastomer transducers. Smart Materials and Structures  vol. 24, (10) 10.1088/0964-1726/24/10/105025

Maiolino P, Galantini F, Mastrogiovanni F, Gallone G, Cannata G and Carpi F (2015). Soft dielectrics for capacitive sensing in robot skins: Performance of different elastomer types. Sensors and Actuators, a: Physical  vol. 226, 37-47. 10.1016/j.sna.2015.02.010

Maffli L, Rosset S, Ghilardi M, Carpi F and Shea H (2015). Ultrafast All-Polymer Electrically Tunable Silicone Lenses. Advanced Functional Materials  10.1002/adfm.201403942

2014

Carpi F, Frediani G, Gerboni C, Gemignani J and De Rossi D (2014). Enabling variable-stiffness hand rehabilitation orthoses with dielectric elastomer transducers. Med Eng Phys  vol. 36, (2) 205-211. 10.1016/j.medengphy.2013.10.015

Hanley CA, Gun'Ko YK, Frediani G and Carpi F (2014). Stretchable optical device with electrically tunable absorbance and fluorescence. Smart Materials and Structures  vol. 23, (1) 10.1088/0964-1726/23/1/015009

Frediani G, Mazzei D, De Rossi DE and Carpi F (2014). Wearable wireless tactile display for virtual interactions with soft bodies. Front Bioeng Biotechnol  vol. 2, 10.3389/fbioe.2014.00031

2013

Galantini F, Carpi F and Gallone G (2013). Effects of plasticization of a soft silicone for dielectric elastomer actuation. Smart Materials and Structures  vol. 22, (10) 10.1088/0964-1726/22/10/104020

Carpi F and Gei M (2013). Predictive stress-stretch models of elastomers up to the characteristic flex. Smart Materials and Structures  vol. 22, (10) 10.1088/0964-1726/22/10/104011

Carpi F, Graz I, Jager E, Skov AL and Vidal F (2013). Electromechanically active polymer transducers: Research in Europe. Smart Materials and Structures  vol. 22, (10) 10.1088/0964-1726/22/10/100301

Carpi F and Shaheed H (2013). Grand challenges in magnetic capsule endoscopy. Expert Rev Med Devices  vol. 10, (4) 433-436. 10.1586/17434440.2013.811832

Zahabi H, Frediani G, Busfield JJC and Carpi F (2013). Dielectric elastomer actuators for tuneable optics. Constitutive Models For Rubber Viii - Proceedings of The 8th European Conference On Constitutive Models For Rubbers, Eccmr 2013  697-700.

2012

Carpi F, Frediani G and De Rossi D (2012). Electroactive elastomeric actuators for biomedical and bioinspired systems. Proceedings of The Ieee Ras and Embs International Conference On Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics  623-627. 10.1109/BioRob.2012.6290761

Vertechy R, Frisoli A, Bergamasco M, Carpi F, Frediani G and De Rossi D (2012). Modeling and experimental validation of buckling dielectric elastomer actuators. Smart Materials and Structures  vol. 21, (9) 10.1088/0964-1726/21/9/094005

Galantini F, Gallone G and Carpi F (2012). Effects of Corona treatment on electrical and mechanical properties of a porous dielectric elastomer. Ieee Transactions On Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation  vol. 19, (4) 1203-1207. 10.1109/TDEI.2012.6259991

Carpi F, Frediani G and De Rossi D (2012). Bioinspired tunable lens driven by electroactive polymer artificial muscles. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Including Subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformat  vol. 7375 LNAI, 74-82. 10.1007/978-3-642-31525-1_7

Wang H, Cai S, Carpi F and Suo Z (2012). Computational model of hydrostatically coupled dielectric elastomer actuators. Journal of Applied Mechanics, Transactions Asme  vol. 79, (3) 10.1115/1.4005885

Carpi F and De Rossi D (2012). Small-strain modeling of helical dielectric elastomer actuators. Ieee/Asme Transactions On Mechatronics  vol. 17, (2) 318-325. 10.1109/TMECH.2010.2100403

Carpi F, Frediani G and Rossi DD (2012). Contractile hydrostatically coupled dielectric elastomer actuators. Ieee/Asme Transactions On Mechatronics  vol. 17, (5) 987-994. 10.1109/TMECH.2011.2141145

2011

De Rossi D, Carpi F, Carbonaro N, Tognetti A and Scilingo EP (2011). Electroactive polymer patches for wearable haptic interfaces. Proceedings of The Annual International Conference of The Ieee Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, Embs  8369-8372. 10.1109/IEMBS.2011.6092064

Carpi F, Kornbluh R, Sommer-Larsen P and Alici G (2011). Electroactive polymer actuators as artificial muscles: Are they ready for bioinspired applications? Bioinspiration and Biomimetics  vol. 6, (4) 10.1088/1748-3182/6/4/045006

Carpi F, Erb R and Jeronimidis G (2011). Special section on biomimetics of movement. Bioinspiration and Biomimetics  vol. 6, (4) 10.1088/1748-3182/6/4/040201

De Rossi D, Carpi F, Carbonaro N, Tognetti A and Scilingo EP (2011). Electroactive polymer patches for wearable haptic interfaces. Conference Proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of The Ieee Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Ieee Engin  8369-8372.

Galantini F, Gallone G, Carpi F, Levita G and De Rossi D (2011). Soft elastomeric electrets for electro-active polymers. Proceedings - International Symposium On Electrets  31-32. 10.1109/ISE.2011.6084967

Carpi F, Frediani G, Turco S and De Rossi D (2011). Bioinspired Tunable Lens with Muscle-Like Electroactive Elastomers. Advanced Functional Materials  vol. 21, (21) 4152-4158. 10.1002/adfm.201101253

Carpi F, Frediani G and De Rossi D (2011). Hydrostatically coupled dielectric elastomer actuators: New opportunities for haptics. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings  vol. 1312, 3-12. 10.1557/opl.2011.668

Runyan NH and Carpi F (2011). Seeking the 'holy Braille' display: Might electromechanically active polymers be the solution? Expert Review of Medical Devices  vol. 8, (5) 529-532. 10.1586/erd.11.47

Carpi F, Frediani G, Nanni M and De Rossi D (2011). Dielectric elastomer actuators with granular coupling. Proceedings of Spie - The International Society For Optical Engineering  vol. 7976, 10.1117/12.880041

Carpi F, Frediani G and De Rossi D (2011). Opportunities of hydrostatically coupled dielectric elastomer actuators for haptic interfaces. Proceedings of Spie - The International Society For Optical Engineering  vol. 7976, 10.1117/12.880042

Carpi F, Kornbluh R, Sommer-Larsen P, De Rossi D and Alici G (2011). Introduction to the Focused Section on Electroactive Polymer Mechatronics. Ieee-Asme Transactions On Mechatronics  vol. 16, (1) 1-8. 10.1109/TMECH.2010.2094199

Carpi F, Kastelein N, Talcott M and Pappone C (2011). Magnetically controllable gastrointestinal steering of video capsules. Ieee Transactions On Biomedical Engineering  vol. 58, (2) 231-234. 10.1109/TBME.2010.2087332

Carpi F, Frediani G, Nanni M and De Rossi D (2011). Granularly coupled dielectric elastomer actuators. Ieee/Asme Transactions On Mechatronics  vol. 16, (1) 16-23. 10.1109/TMECH.2010.2073714

Carpi F, Kornbluh R, Sommer-Larsen P, De Rossi D and Alici G (2011). Guest editorial: Introduction to the focused section on electroactive polymer mechatronics. Ieee/Asme Transactions On Mechatronics  vol. 16, (1) 1-8. 10.1109/TMECH.2010.2094199

2010

Carpi F, Bauer S and De Rossi D (2010). Materials science. Stretching dielectric elastomer performance. Science  vol. 330, (6012) 1759-1761. 10.1126/science.1194773

Carpi F, Bauer S and De Rossi D (2010). Stretching dielectric elastomer performance. Science  vol. 330, (6012) 1759-1761. 10.1126/science.1194773

Daheshpour K, Jalali Mazlouman S, Mahanfar A, Yun JX, Han X, Menon C, Carpi F and Vaughan RG (2010). Pattern reconfigurable antenna based on moving V-shaped parasitic elements actuated by dielectric elastomer. Electronics Letters  vol. 46, (13) 886-888. 10.1049/el.2010.0862

Carpi F, Frediani G and De Rossi D (2010). Hydrostatically coupled dielectric elastomer actuators for tactile displays and cutaneous stimulators. Proceedings of Spie - The International Society For Optical Engineering  vol. 7642, 10.1117/12.847562

Carpi F, Menon C and De Rossi D (2010). Electroactive elastomeric actuator for all-polymer linear peristaltic pumps. Ieee/Asme Transactions On Mechatronics  vol. 15, (3) 460-470. 10.1109/TMECH.2009.2028884

Carpi F, Frediani G and De Rossi D (2010). Hydrostatically coupled dielectric elastomer actuators. Ieee/Asme Transactions On Mechatronics  vol. 15, (2) 308-315. 10.1109/TMECH.2009.2021651

Carpi F (2010). Electromechanically Active Polymers. Polymer International  vol. 59, (3) 277-278. 10.1002/pi.2790

Carpi F, Raspopovic S, Frediani G and De Rossi D (2010). Real-time control of dielectric elastomer actuators via bioelectric and biomechanical signals. Polymer International  vol. 59, (3) 422-429. 10.1002/pi.2757

Carpi F, Frediani G, Tarantino S and De Rossi D (2010). Millimetre-scale bubble-like dielectric elastomer actuators. Polymer International  vol. 59, (3) 407-414. 10.1002/pi.2744

Gallone G, Galantini F and Carpi F (2010). Perspectives for new dielectric elastomers with improved electromechanical actuation performance: Composites versus blends. Polymer International  vol. 59, (3) 400-406. 10.1002/pi.2765

Carpi F (2010). Editorial: Magnetic capsule endoscopy: The future is around the corner. Expert Review of Medical Devices  vol. 7, (2) 161-164. 10.1586/erd.10.3

Carpi F (2010). Magnetic capsule endoscopy: the future is around the corner. Expert Review of Medical Devices  vol. 7, (2) 161-164. 10.1586/ERD.10.3

Carpi A, Rossi G, Coscio GD, Iervasi G, Nicolini A, Carpi F, Mechanick JI and Bartolazzi A (2010). Galectin-3 detection on large-needle aspiration biopsy improves preoperative selection of thyroid nodules: A prospective cohort study. Annals of Medicine  vol. 42, (1) 70-78. 10.3109/07853890903439778

Carpi F, Carpi A and Russo MA (2010). Natural and artificial helical structures. Wit Transactions On Ecology and The Environment  vol. 138, 585-592. 10.2495/DN100521

Tafani M, Carpi F, Morgante E, Russo A, Carpi A, Fini M, Marino B, Frustaci A and Russo MA (2010). The vectorial organization of the human myocardium is designed for optimal electrical and contractile activity: Clinical implications of its alterations. Wit Transactions On Ecology and The Environment  vol. 138, 593-602. 10.2495/DN100531

Carpi F and De Rossi D (2010). Electroactive polymer artificial muscles: An overview. Wit Transactions On Ecology and The Environment  vol. 138, 353-364. 10.2495/DN100311

2009

Carpi F, Frediani G and De Rossi D (2009). Electromechanically active polymers: New opportunities for biomaterials and tissue engineering. Ifmbe Proceedings  vol. 25, (10) 53-56. 10.1007/978-3-642-03900-3-16

Carpi F (2009). Robotic magnetic manoeuvring of endoscopic video capsules: Phantom tests. Ifmbe Proceedings  vol. 25, (6) 47-50. 10.1007/978-3-642-03906-5-14

De Rossi D, Carpi F, Lorussi F, Scilingo EP and Tognetti A (2009). Wearable kinesthetic systems and emerging technologies in actuation for upperlimb neurorehabilitation. Proceedings of The 31st Annual International Conference of The Ieee Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society: Engineering The  6830-6833. 10.1109/IEMBS.2009.5334481

Carpi F and Migliorini S (2009). Non-invasive wet electrocochleography. Ieee Transactions On Biomedical Engineering  vol. 56, (11) 2744-2747. 10.1109/TBME.2009.2026178

Carpi F and Migliorini S (2009). Non-invasive Wet Electrocochleography. Ieee Trans Biomed Eng  vol. 56, (11 Pt 2) 2744-2747. 10.1109/TBME.2009.2026178

Carpi F, Benini G, Tomei F, Figliuzzi RM and De Napoli A (2009). Electroretinographic wet electrode. Medical Engineering and Physics  vol. 31, (8) 923-929. 10.1016/j.medengphy.2009.05.003

Carpi F, Frediani G and De Rossi D (2009). A new concept for dielectric elastomer actuators: Hydrostatic coupling. Proceedings of Spie - The International Society For Optical Engineering  vol. 7362, 10.1117/12.821712

Carpi F, Frediani G and De Rossi D (2009). Dielectric elastomer actuators with hydrostatic coupling. Proceedings of Spie - The International Society For Optical Engineering  vol. 7287, 10.1117/12.815459

Menon C, Carpi F and De Rossi D (2009). Concept design of novel bio-inspired distributed actuators for space applications. Acta Astronautica  vol. 65, (5-6) 825-833. 10.1016/j.actaastro.2009.01.076

Carpi F, Frediani G and De Rossi D (2009). Electroactive elastomeric haptic displays of organ motility and tissue compliance for medical training and surgical force feedback. Ieee Transactions On Biomedical Engineering  vol. 56, (9) 2327-2330. 10.1109/TBME.2009.2024691

Carpi F and Pappone C (2009). Stereotaxis Niobe? magnetic navigation system for endocardial catheter ablation and gastrointestinal capsule endoscopy. Expert Review of Medical Devices  vol. 6, (5) 487-498. 10.1586/erd.09.32

Tartarisco G, Gallone G, Carpi F and Vozzi G (2009). Polyurethane unimorph bender microfabricated with Pressure Assisted Microsyringe (PAM) for biomedical applications. Materials Science and Engineering C  vol. 29, (6) 1835-1841. 10.1016/j.msec.2009.02.017

Carpi F and Rossi DD (2009). Chapter 1 Emg-Based and Gaze-Tracking-Based Man-Machine Interfaces. International Review of Neurobiology  vol. 86, 3-21. 10.1016/S0074-7742(09)86001-7

Carpi F and Smela E (2009). Biomedical Applications of Electroactive Polymer Actuators., Editors: Carpi F and Smela E. Wiley  10.1002/9780470744697

Carpi F and Pappone C (2009). Magnetic maneuvering of endoscopic capsules by means of a robotic navigation system. Ieee Trans Biomed Eng  vol. 56, (5) 1482-1490. 10.1109/TBME.2009.2013336

Carpi F, Mannini A and De Rossi D (2009). Dynamic Splint-Like Hand Orthosis for Finger Rehabilitation. Biomedical Applications of Electroactive Polymer Actuators  10.1002/9780470744697.ch24

Carpi F and Smela E (2009). Preface. 10.1002/9780470744697

Menon C, de Negueruela C, Millán JDR, Tonet O, Carpi F, Broschart M, Ferrez P, Buttfield A, Tecchio F, Sepulveda F, Citi L, Laschi C, Tombini M, Dario P, Maria Rossini P and De Rossi D (2009). Prospects of brain-machine interfaces for space system control. Acta Astronautica  vol. 64, (4) 448-456. 10.1016/j.actaastro.2008.09.008

De Rossi D, Carpi F, Lorussi F, Scilingo EP and Tognetti A (2009). Wearable kinesthetic systems and emerging technologies in actuation for upperlimb neurorehabilitation. Conference Proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of The Ieee Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Ieee Engin  vol. 2009, 6830-6833.

Carpi F and Rossi DD (2009). EMG-based and gaze-tracking-based man-machine interfaces. Int Rev Neurobiol  vol. 86, 3-21. 10.1016/S0074-7742(09)86001-7

2008

Carpi F, Menon C and De Rossi D (2008). Bio-inspired distributed electroactive polymer actuators for possible space applications: Concept design. Cimtec 2008 - Proceedings of The 3rd International Conference On Smart Materials, Structures and Systems - Artificial Muscle Act  vol. 61, 180-185.

Carpi F, Fantoni G, Frediani G and De Rossi D (2008). Buckling actuators with integrated displacement sensor. 10.1016/B978-0-08-047488-5.00013-7

Carpi F, Gallone G, Galantini F and De Rossi D (2008). Enhancing the dielectric permittivity of elastomers. 10.1016/B978-0-08-047488-5.00006-X

Carpi F and De Rossi D (2008). Contractile monolithic linear actuators. 10.1016/B978-0-08-047488-5.00012-5

Mahanfar A, Menon C, Vaughan RG, Carpi F, Parameswaran M and Daheshpour K (2008). Tunable dielectric resonator antennas using voltage-controlled mechanical deformation. Cimtec 2008 - Proceedings of The 3rd International Conference On Smart Materials, Structures and Systems - Embodying Intelligenc  vol. 56, 614-619.

Carpi F, Khanicheh A, Mavroidis C and De Rossi D (2008). Silicone made contractile dielectric elastomer actuators inside 3-Tesla MRI environment. 2008 Ieee/Rsj International Conference On Intelligent Robots and Systems, Iros  137-142. 10.1109/IROS.2008.4651064

Carpi F, Frediani G, Mannini A and De Rossi D (2008). Contractile and buckling actuators based on dielectric elastomers: Devices and applications. Cimtec 2008 - Proceedings of The 3rd International Conference On Smart Materials, Structures and Systems - Artificial Muscle Act  vol. 61, 186-191.

Gallone G, Carpi F, Galantini F, De Rossi D and Levita G (2008). Enhancing the electro-mechanical response of Maxwell stress actuators. Cimtec 2008 - Proceedings of The 3rd International Conference On Smart Materials, Structures and Systems - Artificial Muscle Act  vol. 61, 46-52.

Vincenzini P, Bar-Cohen Y and Carpi F (2008). Artificial muscle actuators using electroactive polymers. Cimtec 2008 - Proceedings of The 3rd International Conference On Smart Materials, Structures and Systems - Artificial Muscle Act  vol. 61,

De Rossi D, Carpi F and Galantini F (2008). Functional materials for wearable sensing, actuating and energy harvesting. Cimtec 2008 - Proceedings of The 3rd International Conference On Smart Materials, Structures and Systems - Biomedical Applicatio  vol. 57, 247-256.

Carpi F and Pappone C (2008). Magnetic robotic manoeuvring of gastrointestinal video capsules: preliminary phantom tests. Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy  vol. 62, (8) 546-549. 10.1016/j.biopha.2008.07.057

Carpi F, Gallone G, Galantini F and De Rossi D (2008). Enhancement of the electromechanical transduction properties of a silicone elastomer by blending with a conjugated polymer. Proceedings of Spie - The International Society For Optical Engineering  vol. 6927, 10.1117/12.776641

Carpi F, Mannini A and De Rossi D (2008). Elastomeric contractile actuators for hand rehabilitation splints. Proceedings of Spie - The International Society For Optical Engineering  vol. 6927, 10.1117/12.774644

Carpi F, Khanicheh A, Mavroidis C and De Rossi D (2008). MRI compatibility of silicone-made contractile dielectric elastomer actuators. Ieee/Asme Transactions On Mechatronics  vol. 13, (3) 370-374. 10.1109/TMECH.2008.924121

Carpi F (2008). Dielectric Elastomers as Electromechanical Transducers., Editors: Carpi F, De Rossi D, Kornbluh R, Pelrine R and Sommer-Larsen P. Elsevier Science 

Carpi F, Gallone G, Galantini F and De Rossi D (2008). Silicone-poly(hexylthiophene) blends as elastomers with enhanced electromechanical transduction properties. Advanced Functional Materials  vol. 18, (2) 235-241. 10.1002/adfm.200700757

2007

Janocha H, Leletty R, Claeyssen F, Engdahl G, Hesselbach J, Bulloug WA, Carlson JD, Mazzoldi A, Carpi F, De Rossi D, Seidel H, Kuhnen K and Würtz T (2007). Actuators in adaptronics. Adaptronics and Smart Structures: Basics, Materials, Design and Applications  10.1007/978-3-540-71967-0_6

Carpi F, Galbiati S and Carpi A (2007). Controlled navigation of endoscopic capsules: Concept and preliminary experimental investigations. Ieee Transactions On Biomedical Engineering  vol. 54, (11) 2028-2036. 10.1109/TBME.2007.894729

Carpi A, Nicolini A, Marchetti C, Iervasi G, Antonelli A and Carpi F (2007). Percutaneous large-needle aspiration biopsy histology of palpable thyroid nodules: technical and diagnostic performance. Histopathology  vol. 51, (2) 249-257. 10.1111/j.1365-2559.2007.02764.x

Carpi F and De Rossi D (2007). Bioinspired actuation of the eyeballs of an android robotic face: concept and preliminary investigations. Bioinspiration & Biomimetics  vol. 2, (2) S50-S63. 10.1088/1748-3182/2/2/S06

Carpi F, Salaris C and De Rossi D (2007). Folded dielectric elastomer actuators. Smart Materials & Structures  vol. 16, (2) S300-S305. 10.1088/0964-1726/16/2/S15

Gallone G, Carpi F, De Rossi D, Levita G and Marchetti A (2007). Dielectric constant enhancement in a silicone elastomer filled with lead magnesium niobate-lead titanate. Materials Science & Engineering C-Biomimetic and Supramolecular Systems  vol. 27, (1) 110-116. 10.1016/j.msec.2006.03.003

Carpi F, Tralli A, De Rossi D and Gaudenzi P (2007). Martian jumping rover equipped with electroactive polymer actuators: A preliminary study. Ieee Transactions On Aerospace and Electronic Systems  vol. 43, (1) 79-92. 10.1109/TAES.2007.357156

2006

Carpi F and Tomei F (2006). Non-invasive electroretinography. Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy  vol. 60, (8) 375-379. 10.1016/j.biopha.2006.07.002

Carpi F, Galbiati S and Carpi A (2006). Magnetic shells for gastrointestinal endoscopic capsules as a means to control their motion. Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy  vol. 60, (8) 370-374. 10.1016/j.biopha.2006.07.001

Vozzi G, Carpi F and Mazzoldi A (2006). Realization of conducting polymer actuators using a controlled volume microsyringe system. Smart Materials and Structures  vol. 15, (2) 279-287. 10.1088/0964-1726/15/2/006

2005

Carpi F and De Rossi D (2005). Electroactive polymer-based devices for e-textiles in biomedicine (vol 9, pg 295, 2005). Ieee Transactions On Information Technology in Biomedicine  vol. 9, (4) 574-574. 10.1109/TITB.2005.858429

Carpi F, Migliore A, Serra G and De Rossi D (2005). Helical dielectric elastomer actuators. Smart Materials & Structures  vol. 14, (6) 1210-1216. 10.1088/0964-1726/14/6/014

De Rossi D, Carpi F and Scilingo EP (2005). Polymer based interfaces as bioinspired 'smart skins'. Advances in Colloid and Interface Science  vol. 116, (1-3) 165-178. 10.1016/j.cis.2005.05.002

Carpi F and De Rossi D (2005). Improvement of electromechanical actuating performances of a silicone dielectric elastomer by dispersion of titanium dioxide powder. Ieee Transactions On Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation  vol. 12, (4) 835-843. 10.1109/TDEI.2005.1511110

De Rossi D, Carpi F, Lorussi F, Scilingo EP, Tognetti A and Paradiso R (2005). Electroactive fabrics and wearable man-machine interfaces. Wearable Electronics and Photonics  10.1533/9781845690441.59

2004

Carpi F and De Rossi D (2004). Dielectric elastomer cylindrical actuators: electromechanical modelling and experimental evaluation. Materials Science & Engineering C-Biomimetic and Supramolecular Systems  vol. 24, (4) 555-562. 10.1016/j.msec.2004.02.005

Mazzoldi A, Carpi F and De Rossi D (2004). Polymers responding to electrical or electrochemical stimuli for linear actuators. Annales De Chimie-Science Des Materiaux  vol. 29, (6) 55-64. 10.3166/acsm.29.6.55-64

2003

De Rossi D, Carpi F, Lorussi F, Mazzoldi A, Paradiso R, Scilingo EP and Tognetti A (2003). Electroactive fabrics and wearable biomonitoring devices. Autex Research Journal  vol. 3, (4) 180-185.

Carpi F, Chiarelli P, Mazzoldi A and De Rossi D (2003). Electromechanical characterisation of dielectric elastomer planar actuators: comparative evaluation of different electrode materials and different counterloads. Sensors and Actuators a-Physical  vol. 107, (1) 85-95. 10.1016/S0924-4247(03)00257-7

2001

GRANVILLE BE and Oppenheimer P (2001). Introduction. Russia?S Post-Communist Economy , Editors: Granville B and Oppenheimer P. Oxford University Press  10.1002/9780470744697.ch

TBC

TBC

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